Washington State Magazine

Fall 2012 Washington State Magazine cover

Fall 2012

In This Issue...


The China Connection :: China buys $11 billion of Washington exports and sells the state $31 billion of imports, in the last few years overtaking Japan as Washington’s second largest export destination. With WSU’s efforts to overcome linguistic, informational, and trade barriers, who knows where that economic relationship might lead? by Larry Clark ’94

Engineers in the Making :: At a time when Washington is a net importer of engineers, a more appreciative vocabulary could tempt a new generation of students into studying engineering. by Hannelore Sudermann

Race, Class, and William Julius Wilson’s World of Opportunity :: Half a century ago, WSU was a national leader in producing black doctors of sociology. Among them, William Julius Wilson ’66 PhD—recipient of 45 honorary degress and the National Medal of Science, and author of landmark works that redefined poverty and race. “Going to WSU,” he says, “was the greatest decision I ever made in my life.” by Eric Sorensen

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Story: A “Monumental” Impact African American sociologists at WSU }

Life Histories: The Butterflies of Cascadia :: In documenting the life histories of Cascadia’s butterflies, every one of the 158 species represented a separate research project. The result has been a wealth of biological and ecological knowledge that simply did not exist before David Nunnallee and WSU entomologist David James began their monumental task. by Tim Steury

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Story: Elusive butterfly of Cascadia }


{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Gallery: Vineland }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Stories: Excerpts from WSU oral histories }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Report: The dangers of a big Cascadia earthquake }


:: In Season: Summer Blues

:: Last Words: Mural, mural, on the wall

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Poem: Hanford Reservations by Graham Hutchins}

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Video: Press conferences with WSU football coach Mike Leach }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Video: Visual Fireworks—The making of Pat Siler’s downtown Pullman mural }


{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Photo: The Palouse Country Club, 1975 Architects from the class of ’76 }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Gallery: Highlights of Marcus Capers’ WSU basketball career }

New Media

:: Of Little Comfort: War Widows, Fallen Soldiers, and the Remaking of the Nation after the Great War by Erika Kuhlman ’95 PhD

:: Finding the River by Jeff Crane ’04 PhD, ’98

:: Dove Creek by Paula Marie Coomer

:: The Republic of Nature: An Environmental History of the United States by Mark Fiege ’85 MA

:: New & Noteworthy: Images That Injure edited by Susan Dente Ross and Paul Martin Lester; Seaside Stories by S.R. Martin, Jr. ’74; Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies by David G. James and David Nunnallee

Cover: Collage of Anise Swallowtail butterflies, photos courtesy Roger Jones.

Fall 2012
Web Exclusives
Melissa Arctic (<em>Oeneis melissa</em>) in the James Entomology Collection at WSU. <em>Robert Hubner</em>


Melissa Arctic (Oeneis melissa) in the James Entomology Collection at WSU. Robert Hubner

Melissa Arctic, ventral view. From the WSU James Entomology Collection <em>Robert Hubner</em>


Melissa Arctic, ventral view. From the WSU James Entomology Collection Robert Hubner

Melissa Arctic, dorsal view. From the WSU James Entomology Collection <em>Robert Hubner</em>


Melissa Arctic, dorsal view. From the WSU James Entomology Collection Robert Hubner

Elusive Butterfly

by Tim Steury | © Washington State University

Of the 158 species of butterflies found throughout southern British Columbia, Washington, northern Idaho, and northern Oregon, only one was not included the exhaustive research resulting in David James and David Nunnallee’s Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies. According to James, the Melissa Arctic is found in the mountains above 7000-8000 feet, “but we never found it.”

The Melissa Arctic is described in Robert Pyle’s Butterflies of Cascadia on page 360.

Melissa Arctic

Oeneis melissa (Fabricius, 1775)

The upperside is dull blackish grey, translucent, more so on the forewing, so that the light underside markings show through. There are usually no eye-spots (occasionally a small faint one on the forewing underside). The hindwing underside is heavily mottled with black and pale grey with a little more black in the medial band, but the band is usually only slightly darker than the outer third of the wing and often barely darker than the basal third. Wingspan: 34 to 50 mm.

Early Stages: The variable larvae range in colour from reddish brown to dusky green, with blackish, brown, and greenish stripes. The head is brown with six blackish stripes. The foodplants are sedges (Carex bigelowii and C. rupestris), although the larvae will eat grasses and sedges in captivity (Scott, 1986).

Habits: This butterfly is usually seen in dry arctic and alpine tundra, most often on gravelly ridges in the lowlands, and on rocky ridges and scree slopes in the mountains. Males perch on rocks and investigate any butterfly that comes close.

Flight Season: Oeneis melissa flies from mid-June to early August. It is biennial, but flies every year in most areas.

Categories: Entomology | Tags: Butterflies