Washington State Magazine

Winter 2007


Winter 2007

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In This Issue...

Features

Time will tell :: Climate change is nothing new to our planet. But this time it's different. The carbon dioxide we are putting into the air through industry, vehicle emissions, and deforestation is changing the way our soil works. That in turn affects plant, animal, and eventually human life. Through their research Washington State University scientists are challenging the conventional view that more plants and forests will solve our CO2 problems. By Cherie Winner

Into the woods :: Unseen worlds live behind the bark and beneath the trees in Pacific Northwest forests. Scientists Jack Rogers and Lori Carris have made careers out of discovering these worlds and studying them. We go into the woods with them to glimpse the secret lives of fungi and their roles in nature. By Hannelore Sudermann { WEB EXCLUSIVEGallery: The Collectors - A photographic sampling of some of the more prominent local fungi collectors and their contributions. }

Secrets & spies :: The Office of Strategic Services, our country's first centralized intelligence agency, was formed during the Second World War to train men and women in the arts of sabotage and espionage and then to send them around the world to protect our nation's interests. Among the many Washington State College students and alumni who served in that conflict, five friends and classmates trained together in the OSS, then went to North Africa, Italy, England, and China to help win the war. By Hannelore Sudermann

Panoramas

{ WEB EXCLUSIVEGallery: Field Camp Plus 50 - A nostalgic look at the archaeological dig by Richard Daugherty and his students on the Snake River in 1957—and the group's reunion on the same site 50 years later. }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVEVideo: Meet the scientist - In a series of four brief videos, WSU microbiologist Cynthia Haseltine talks about her research on DNA repair and the causes of cancer. }

Departments

:: IN SEASON: Pears

{ WEB EXCLUSIVEVideo: Apple Cup revisited - Photos, film, and colorful programs for this historic contest. }

Tracking the Cougars

Cover illustration: Photoillustration by David Scharf and John Paxson, based on Scharf's photomicrograph, Pollen Mix.

Panoramas
Each 28-volume set of Frederick Hill Meserve's <em>Historical Portraits</em> contains more than 8,000 Civil War-era photographs. Due to President Holland's determination, WSU owns one of only seven copies produced.

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Each 28-volume set of Frederick Hill Meserve's Historical Portraits contains more than 8,000 Civil War-era photographs. Due to President Holland's determination, WSU owns one of only seven copies produced.

WSU's rarest book? Frederick Meserve's Historical Portraits

by | © Washington State University

One of the great joys of my job at Washington State University is the time I spend in the rare books vault in Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections. "Rare books vault" is a romantic way to describe two large, secure, climate-controlled rooms located on the ground floor of the Terrell Library, but it's fitting, given the treasures held within.

I've been aware for years of our 28-volume set of Frederick Hill Meserve's Historical Portraits, a terrific source for locating photographs of leading Americans of the Civil War era. The collection's gilt-tooled, crimson, Morocco-leather spines cry out "open me." In addition to its beauty, the set is exceedingly rare. Only seven copies were ever produced.

Frederick Hill Meserve began collecting Civil War-era photographs to illustrate his father's military memoir. At the time, there was not much interest or value placed on 19th-century photographs. In 1902, Meserve seized the opportunity to purchase more than 15,000 Mathew Brady glass negatives. In 1913, Meserve decided to share his collection by privately printing the Historical Portraits. Each 28-volume set contains more than 8,000 actual photographs. A busy New York City textile executive by day, Meserve spent his evenings pasting the photos onto preprinted sheets. One of the most striking things about WSU's copy is the note in pencil on the verso of the title page:


Meserve v. 1-4, v. 7-8, v. 27-28

Library request of Dr. Holland

2-29-45 v. 5-6, v. 9-10

gift of Dr. Holland

$195.00 per volume.

This little inscription is a bombshell. It tells us the provenance of the purchase and the price per volume. During the 1940s, the State College of Washington Library could buy any number of books for a few dollars. The purchase also ran counter to the inclinations of W.W. Foote, the WSC librarian, who was concerned above all else in increasing the size of the library collection by counting "pieces," which included anything that could be had for free, such as brochures and railroad time tables. Indeed, in 1943 and 1944, the library accessioned 27,637 volumes, but total accessions were 532,637 (this larger figure reflects the vast numbers of "pieces"). During the 1940s and prior to the construction of the Holland Library, the lack of space for library collections was so acute, that library materials were crammed into basements and attics across campus. Had Foote had his druthers, he certainly would have used the $5,000 to buy several thousand books, instead of the 28 volumes of the Historical Portraits. Why then does WSU have a copy?

There are two reasons. Since the early 1940s, the WSC Library had developed a Lincoln collection; more importantly, President Holland wanted it. In 1941, the library acquired a major collection of Lincolniana that had been developed by C.P. Bissett, a Seattle businessman.

It's clear from President Holland's papers that he ordered Historical Portraits and then went about raising the money for it. In 1938, Holland had created the Friends of the Library, the first such organization for an academic library in the West. With support from two alumni, he ordered facsimiles of a portrait of Lincoln and his Gettysburg Address and, through the Friends of the Library, sent them to 204 banks in Washington State. The resulting gifts totaled more than $9,000. Even before it was clear that this effort would succeed, in a letter to Ralph Newman of the Abraham Lincoln Book Shop, Holland wrote, "Librarian Foote has been authorized to send a check to you for $140 to be used to pay for the leather for the binding of the twenty-eight volumes of the Meserve collection of photographs . . . I am quite sure we can take care of the purchase of six or eight volumes, and I have every reason to believe we can receive additional gifts in order that we may purchase the entire set."

To ensure that the Library received the entire set, Holland purchased four of the volumes and donated them to the library.

Reading Foote's annual report and budget request for 1946 to President Wilson Compton, we can glimpse Foote's feelings about the purchase. "Meserve Lincoln Collection...$2,000. This is not a legitimate Library expenditure but commitments were made by the former administration. This account should be paid through a general college fund when bills are submitted."

Today we may sympathize with Foote's position—why devote limited library resources to such an extravagant purchase?—yet feel grateful for the efforts of Holland and the many previous donors who have helped develop collections that make the WSU Libraries distinctive.

You are welcome to view the Historical Portraits or any of the other collections in Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m.

Trevor Bond is Special Collections Librarian at WSU.

Categories: History, Library and museum studies | Tags: Archives, Historical books

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