Washington State Magazine

Washington State Magazine :: Fall 2013


Fall 2013

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In This Issue...

Features

Water to the Promised Land :: As an aquifer declines, Columbia Basin farmers look to water promised them 80 years ago. by Tim Steury

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Map: Interactive map of the Columbia Basin Project }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Background: The Columbia Basin Project’s past and present }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Gallery: Irrigation Images of the Columbia Basin by Zach Mazur}

Booze, Sex, and Reality Check :: Student drinking may always be with us, but behavior modification could make it less risky. by Hannelore Sudermann

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Video: Booze, Sex, and Reality Checks demonstration }

If You Don’t Snooze, You Lose :: Chances are, you do not get enough sleep. And that could be dangerous. by Eric Sorensen

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Video: WSU Spokane’s Deadly Force Decision-making Simulator Bryan Vila at the WSU Sleep and Performance Center }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Story: Fatigue at Sea: A Circumnavigator’s Story }

Panoramas

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Video: How to say “Go Cougs” in sign language }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Gallery: A fitting business: Businesswoman and tailor Lucy Stevenson Photographs by Robert Hubner}

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Video: Soccer concussions }

Departments

:: First Words

:: Posts

:: Short subject: Constant coffee

:: Sports: Composing Cougar soccer

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Recipes: Sweet Corn }

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Story: The original story of Nature Boy }

Tracking

{ WEB EXCLUSIVE–Music: Compositions of Charles Argersinger }

New Media

Oceania and the Victorian Imagination: Where All Things Are Possible edited by Richard D. Fulton ’75 PhD and Peter H. Hoffenberg

Love Reports to Spring Training by Linda Kittell

Rugged Mercy: A Country Doctor in Idaho’s Sun Valley by Robert S. Wright

New & Noteworthy: Luna Sea by Kim Roberts ’82; The Boys From Ireland: An Irish Immigrant Family’s Involvement in the Civil War by Neil W. Moloney ’53; Biodesign Out for a Walk by Lowell Harrison Young ’72; Characterization of Biomaterials edited by Amit Bandyopadhyay and Susmita Bose

Cover: “Irrigation” by Mark Zack, acrylic on canvas, 2010.

Panoramas
Strength training paired with improved flexibility may reduce concussions in young athletes. Photo Rick Gomez/Blend Images


Strength training paired with improved flexibility may reduce concussions in young athletes. Photo Rick Gomez/Blend Images

Stronger may not be better

by | © Washington State University

A pack of seventh grade soccer players huddles around a makeshift batting cage inside WSU’s Sports Science Laboratory one Friday last March. One by one, they step inside the black netting to stand under bright lights and high-speed cameras.

“3 ... 2 ... 1,” a voice calls out.

An air-pressurized cannon shoots a soccer ball 30 feet across the cage and the 13-year-old tries to head the ball back in the direction from which it came.

The purpose of such madness? Kasee Hildenbrand, associate professor in the College of Education, is exploring the roll the neck plays in the incidence of concussions.

Her preliminary work tracking one of Pullman’s youth soccer teams over the past two years challenges the prevailing wisdom about athletic head injuries: Developing a strong neck is the only way to avoid concussions.

“I don’t think increased neck strength leads to more concussions,” she says. But “I think neck strength alone is not going to prevent them, as the current train of thought goes.”

The current theory hasn’t been especially effective. Hildenbrand says recent reports suggest between more than 1.8 and 3.6 million youth athletes suffer concussions each year. More parents are now questioning whether their kids should play sports at all.

“It appears from the youth research and the football player research that I have done, that impacts tend to be of a higher magnitude in kids with stronger necks and that athletes with a previous history of concussions tend to have stronger necks,” Hildenbrand says.

So the professor and Sports Science Laboratory research project manager Derek Nevins teamed up to examine more closely the role the neck plays by studying each player “heading” a lobbed soccer ball back at the machine. They fitted each kid with tracking stickers and headbands to measure the force of impact when the ball makes contact with the forehead.

“It’s kind of an exciting time for the lab, and hopefully we can continue to do cool things,” Nevins said. “There’s a lot of awesome stuff that goes on down here that people don’t ever hear about.”

Their first test subject? Hildenbrand’s son Kaden, an avid soccer player at Pullman Middle School. “I had mixed emotions when my mom told me she’d be shooting a soccer ball out of a cannon at my head,” he says.

But the cannon, built by WSU engineering students, was just tossing lobs.

Hildenbrand and Nevin’s theory is that neck strengthening—a practice preached by football trainers across the country—must be accompanied by the development of flexibility and a greater range of motion, says Hildenbrand.

“That translation of research out of the lab and into the field or the clinic [is their current challenge],” she says. “It’s always been a question of mine of how you facilitate that, because there are a lot of amazing things that happen in laboratories that either don’t make it to the clinic for lack of interest or publicity or they don’t make it for lack of planning.”

Categories: Health sciences, Athletics | Tags: Soccer, Concussions

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